The Battle of Tours in 782 is not taught to Americans until they get to a European History Class. The location of the battle was close to the border between the Frankish realm and then-independent Aquitaine. The battle pitted the snarling Frankish and Burgundian forces under Austrian Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel, against an army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Governor-General of al-Andalus.
"Had Charles Martel not been victorious," Hitler told his inner crowd in August 1942, "then we should in all probability have been converted to Mohammedanism, that cult which glorifies the heroism and which opens up the seventh Heaven to the bold warrior alone. Then the Germanic races would have conquered the world."
Historians are divided over the battle's importance, and considerable disagreement exists as to whether the victory was responsibleas Gibbon and his generation of historians claimed, and many modern historians have echoedfor saving Christianity and halting the conquest of Europe by Islam; however, there is little dispute that the battle helped lay the foundations of the Carolingian Empire and Frankish domination of Europe for the next century.